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He died in , having been converted to Catholicism, and was buried in the churchyard at Balquhidder.

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His three sons later played an active part in the uprising of the Jacobites under Bonnie Prince Charlie. Several lives have been written, one by Sir Walter Scot as well as the novel and another by W.

Rob Roy MacGregor and History of Clan MacGregor

Innerlochlairgbeg 28 Dec Before his death he held a lease jointly with his second son in the Kirktoun of Balquhidder. Glengyle was later in Callander parish. Clan Duill Chere is clan or family of Dougald of the mouse-coloured hair, a branch of the Macgregors. Penant's remark regarding the general redness of their hair is unworthy of the natural historian. Of their "mischievous dispositions," and their having committed "a horrible massacre," it is impossible for any one acquainted with facts not to smile at the tourist's ignorance and credulity. Colonel Macgregor's second son, Robert, assumed the surname of his noble friend and patron, John, second Duke of Argyll, and military commander on the side of Government in ; who, also, from his golden locks and florid complexion, was celtically denominated "Roy.

Robert Roy Macgregor is styled, "Robert Campbell of Inversnait, and one of the curators of James Graham of Glengyle," his fraternal nephew whose real name was Gregor Macgregor, with the descriptive addition of Ghlun-Dhu, from a black mole on one of his knees in a marriage contract of the same James Graham and "Mrs. Mary Hamilton, lawful daughter of James Hamilton of Bardowie, with consent of her father," date at Buchanan and Bardowie, the 28th and 29th of November, Craigrostan, which is generally said to have been Robert Roy's property, belonged, in great part at least, and not long before his day, to the lineal ancestor of John Macgregor, Esq.

Macgregor, of Craigrostan, had become surety for money borrowed by a friend, and was reduced to sell his estate, which was purchased by the lender, the Marquis of Montrose. Craigrostan's representative takes the name of Gregorson, an English form of Macgregor. Robert Campbell, of Inversnait, had, with one Macdonald, borrowed in , a sum of his grace the Duke of Montrose, for the purchase of cattle. Campbell's partner fled with the money, and Inversnait, with all pertinents, was adjudicated for payment. It does not, however, in any way appear, that the charge of harshness attaches to the then representative of the noble family of Montrose; but his chamberlain, Graham, of Killearn, over-zealous in his master's service, had recourse to a mode of expulsion inconsistent with the rights of humanity, by insulting Mrs.

Campbell in her husband's absence. The date of the outrage is not known. It was probably in , or the year following. The fort of Inversnait, intended to check Rob Roy's incursions, was built in , after repeated interruptions by him. Campbell, on his return, being informed of what had taken place in his absence, withdrew from the scene which he could no longer suffer, and vowed vengeance. He seized part of his grace's rents, as the only way which, as he argued, he could regain any part of those of his own estate.

On the unmanly insulter of his wife, he took a personal satisfaction which marks the mildness of his character. Killearn was collecting rents at Chapellaroch, when Robert, arriving with an armed force, demanded his tythe. The chamberlain attempted to conceal the money by throwing it upon a loft above the room in which he sat. Robert, however, insisted on having what he considered his share; and on the pleasure besides of Mr.

Graham's company to the Highlands. Carrying him to Loch Kettern, he confined him three days on a deserted island near Glengyle. The averment of the statist of Kippen, that "old Rob Roy" was a "robber by profession," is not supported by the instance brought forward, that in , he had headed "the herrship of Kippen," which amounts to nothing more than a military diversion by the laird of Inversnait in favour of his legitimate sovereign.

He had, it would appear, though we have seen no voucher to that effect, been, subsequently to his explusion from his lands, a contractor for aiding the police of the country, and in the habit of receiving what, in allusion to earlier times, when contracts for this purpose had not received the countenance of law, was called "black maill.

Stirling had, with his lady, gone in on a visit from Garden castle, which stood on an eminence forming an island in what was once a lake, but what is now a fertile meadow. On their return, they found the fortalice occupied by a party under Robert Roy Macgregor, and the drawbridge up.

Robert, appearing at a window, thus accosted the outed owner: - "You have hitherto withheld the reward of protection, Garden, but must render it now. The father, partly by the entreaties of the mother, was induced to comply. The following are two anecdotes connected with what has been said of his personal prowess. He had been overnight in an alehouse at Arnprior, in Perthshire, in company with Cunninghame of Boquhan.

They had quarrelled; and the latter having no sword, sent home for one, which, however, his family, suspecting a foolish broil, did not forward. He and Robert had remained till break of day; when Boquhan, spying a rapier in a corner, insisted on fighting. Robert engaged; but instantly dropped his blade's point, and yielded to one who, he found, was too expert a swordsman. He is also said to have been worsted, when very old, by Stewart of Appin, between the church and manse of Balquhidder. The duel took place about sunrise, when the rays shone in Robert's face, while his antagonist enjoyed the advantage of having his back to them.

Robert's eyesight had, not improbably, been decayed. Another anecdote told of him reminds us of the death-bed scene of Rhoderick Dhu.

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Robert was bedfast, when he was told that a person, with whom, in the days of his strength, he had had a quarrel, wished to see him. It shall never be said that an enemy saw me on a sick-bed. He is interred in the churchyard of the parish, a few paces due east of the church. His grave is marked by a blue slate stone, rudely sculptured, and without inscription.

On the evening of 10 June the Jacobites engaged with the Hanoverian forces on the slopes of Glenshiel. From an early age he was given the nickname Ruadh, Gaelic for red because of the colour of his hair, later anglicised to Roy. Both father and son fought in and survived the battle of Killiecrankie in July of that year. After the rebellion, Rob Roy turned away from politics. He married his cousin Mary of Comar in January of and, taking his mother's maiden name of Campbell because the name of MacGregor was banned beause of the part they played in the Jacobite uprising, started his own business dealing cattle under the patronage of the Duke of Montrose.

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He became very successful and earned the lands and title of Laird of Inversnaid in the process. Although Rob Roy tried to catch the culprit and promised to repay the loan, Montrose declared him to be a thief. He was made bankrupt, his lands were repossessed and he was forced to go on the run. Legend has it that when the soldiers came to evict the MacGregors his wife was branded and raped by the government men.

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Various "fire and sword" orders were continually proclaimed against the MacGregors for the better part of years - they simply couldn't keep out of trouble. In , after Clan Gregor trapped and murdered the Colquhouns, an Act was passed proscribing the very name MacGregor. This meant any member of Clan Gregor if caught could be beaten, robbed or killed without fear of punishment.

Anyone with the name MacGregor was banned from the church no marriages, burials, communion, etc. It was complete ostracism for the entire clan. During this time, the Earl of Argyll, chief of Clan Campbell, promised safe conduct out of the country to MacGregor of Glenstrae and his men, then turned them over to be hanged. This treachery united the entire highlands in their loathing of the Campbells. Though reduced to the status of outlaws, the MacGregors never forgot or relinquished their identity.

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They fought for the king who had renewed the Acts against them with Montrose in the Campbells fought on the other side. In , the Acts were finally repealed, but only for about 30 years, until William of Orange and his successors renewed them and kept them in force. No wonder that Clan Gregor fully supported the Jacobite risings in and The Acts were finally repealed permanently in - Clan Gregor surviving almost years as outlaws.

Rob Roy was a multi-talented man - a great swordsman and soldier fighting alongside his father by the age of 18 against William of Orange , an astute businessman, and master of the highland "protection racket". That is, rather than just rustling cattle - the age-old highland way - Rob Roy discovered there was more money in "protecting" cattle for pay.

Between and , Rob Roy stayed at home he was a loving family man and prospered his business, increasing his lands and resources. As with all farmers and ranchers, Rob Roy found it difficult to lay hands on ready cash to expand his regular cattle business and turned to Montrose for a loan or investment money. Failing to answer the charge, Rob Roy was declared an outlaw and began his campaign of harassment against the Duke rustling his cattle.

In , despite his outlaw status, Rob Roy rallied the MacGregor clan and led them in battle against the English, making many successful raids. Afterwards, he was tried for treason and lived life on the run, being captured twice but making spectacular escapes both times. Finally, in , he turned himself in and received a pardon from the king.