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Somatic symptom disorder and other disorders - Behavior - MCAT - Khan Academy

Umesha H Ummi. Raghu Nandan. Pmurshid Karanthur. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Psychosomatic and somatization disorder 1. Psychosomatic and somatization disorder Psychiatry department Beni Suef University 2. Specific stress factors: a. Certain personality traits b.

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Non-specific stress factors: Each person has a target organ that is genetically vulnerable to stress. Physiological factors: HPA axis is secreting excess cortisol thus producing structural damage to various organ systems. Neurophysiologic pathways 5. Musculoskeletal system: Backache, myalgias and tension headaches. Respiratory system: Bronchial asthma and hiccough. Cardiovascular system: Paroxysmal tachycardia, essential hypertension, migraine, and coronary artery diseases.

Genitourinary system: Disturbances in menstruation and micturition, dyspareunia and impotence.

Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders in Children

Special senses: Tinnitus or blurring of vision. Immune system: Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis. Endocrinal system: Thyrotoxicosis, Diabetes Mellitus. Somatic symptom and related disorders are equally common among young boys and young girls but are more common among adolescent girls than adolescent boys.

Children with one of these disorders may have a number of symptoms, including pain, difficulty breathing, and weakness. Children may or may not have another disorder. Often children develop physical symptoms when another family member is seriously ill. Sometimes the symptoms are normal body sensations or discomfort that are misinterpreted. These physical symptoms are thought to develop unconsciously in response to a psychologic stress or problem see Mind and Body.

The symptoms are not consciously fabricated, and children are actually experiencing the symptoms they describe. Doctors ask children about their symptoms and do a physical examination and sometimes tests to make sure that children do not have a physical disorder that could account for the symptoms.

However, extensive laboratory tests are generally avoided because they may further convince children that a physical problem exists and unnecessary diagnostic tests may themselves traumatize children. If no physical problem can be identified, doctors may use standardized mental health tests to help determine whether symptoms are due to a somatic symptom or related disorder.

Doctors also talk to the children and family members to try to identify underlying psychologic problems or troubled family relationships. Children may balk at the idea of visiting a psychotherapist because they think their symptoms are purely physical. However, individual and family psychotherapy, often using cognitive-behavioral techniques, can help children and family members recognize patterns of thought and behavior that perpetuate the symptoms.

Therapists may use hypnosis, biofeedback, and relaxation therapy. Psychotherapy is usually combined with a rehabilitation program that aims to help children get back into a normal routine. It can include physical therapy, which has the following benefits:.


It may treat actual physical effects, such as reduced mobility or loss of muscle, caused by a somatic symptom or related disorder. Having a primary care doctor who supports them, sees them regularly, and coordinates all their care is also important.


Drugs, such as a type of antidepressant called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs , may be used to relieve pain or the anxiety or depression that can accompany these disorders. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Manual was first published in as a service to the community. Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge.

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Somatic symptom disorder - Wikipedia

Which of the following is a correct statement about preventing HIV transmission from mother to child? Diabetes is a condition that develops because of elevated levels of glucose or blood sugar in the bloodstream. Many people with diabetes take insulin to keep their blood sugar at a normal, healthy