Scott first included this ballad in the edition. It functions as a balance to the pro-Covenanter ballads, and it is for this reason that we include it here. The narrative of the ballad is more convoluted than many of the other Covenanter ballads in the Minstrelsy.
Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch
I have no gold, I have no land, I have no pearl, nor precious stane; But I wald sell my silken snood, To see the gallant Grahams come hame verse 3. The Grahams are portrayed as being supportive of their king. The ballad references actual battles and includes the names of notable individuals, mainly on the Royalist side. He called on the burgh to surrender, but his offer was refused, and he realised that Dundee was too well defended to join battle there. He marched on to Aberdeen, with three Irish regiments and around MAcDonald Highlanders — most of the other HIghlanders had left to return home with the booty they had plundered at Tibbermore.
Robert, Lord Balfour of Burleigh had command of the Covenanting forces, and while they outnumbered Montrose's, they were not as battle hardy. The main battle took place on 13th September, when the Covenanters were defeated, broken by the ferocity of the Irish charge. Aberdeen was then subjected to a 3-day sack, murder and plunder, which Montrose seems to have done nothing to halt. Montrose then withdrew his forces, and moved further North, probably in response to intelligence of the approach of Argyll and a much large contingent of troops.
Argyll and his Campbell levies did not reach the stricken burgh until the 19th September. The two sides finally met at Fyvie, but Montrose would not be drawn into battle.
Kingdom of Scotland
Argyll marched to Edinburgh, convinced that the combination of oncoming winter and deserting Royalist troops would put paid to the Royalist cause: those troops may have been Highlanders returning home with their spoils, but who would return to fight with Montrose. Five thousand men, in armour strong, Did meet the gallant Grahams that day, At Inverlochie where war began, And, scarce two thousand men were they verse There were around clansmen from the MacDonalds, Camerons and the MacLeans, all eager to wreak revenge on the hated Campbells. They had first met with Campbell opposition at Inveraray, where the Campbells in the town had been put to the sword.
At Inverlochy, it is estimated that Montrose and MacColla had around men, with the Covenanting force not numbering so many more. His army was a combination of German and Danish mercenaries, along with Orcadian recruits and a troop of around 40 horse.
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What his army did not have was any notable Highland or clan contingent. Montrose may have expected to recruit from the Highland area, but there was little support for the Royalist cause: the same clans had seen many of their levies killed by the Royalist troops in The Covenanting army had less men, but were most probably much more experienced overall.
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The mercenaries dug themselves into a defensive block in nearby woods and fought off the Covenanting attacks until a troop of HIghlanders arrived to bolster the Covenanting numbers, whereupon the mercenaries surrendered. Montrose escaped from the field and went on the run, but when he sought help from Neil Macleod of Assynt at Ardvreck Castle, he was betrayed. Lakes in Scotland are known as lochs. Probably the most famous of these is Loch Ness where the Loch Ness monster has been spotted or has it? The climate of Scotland is mild and wet in the west but colder and drier in the east.
The Highlands have heavy snowfalls. Spinning, weaving and knitting have been traditional industries of Scotland for many years, but more people in Scotland earn their living farming than from any other single industry.
Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch - Wikipedia
The first international game of football took place between Scotland and England in The result was a draw. At the famous Highland Games, first celebrated in the 11th century, contestants show off their skills at hammer throw, caber toss and even haggis-hurling. Scotland is home to some amazing inventors. Alexander Graham Bell, who invented the telephone, was born in Edinburgh. The biologist Alexander Fleming was also Scottish born. His discovery of penicillin saved millions of lives and earned him the Nobel Prize in Medicine in Scotland is the most northerly country of the UK.
It is joined to England on the south, the North Sea is to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Romans called Scotland Caledonia and conquered a large area of Scotland by 83AD, though they soon withdrew their troops and never reached so far north again. Scotland gets its name from an Irish tribe, the Scoti or Scots. In about the 5th century AD, they crossed from Ireland to Argyll in Scotland and set up their own kingdom. By the 9th century Scotland was ruled by the Scots and the Picts; their territory later became the kingdom of Alba. In , at the battle of Bannockburn, Scotland defeated the English army and won independence.
The Scottish army was led by Robert the Bruce, who was recognised as king by the English in Scotland was an independent country up until the 15th century.
But although England and Scotland had the same king, they had separate parliaments for another years! In the 18th century, a group of people know as the Jacobites wanted to see a member of the Stuart family on the throne of Britain instead of the new king, George I , who was German. The Jacobites were defeated and many of the battle's survivors were executed, imprisoned or transported overseas. For near 40 years after the battle the British government banned the wearing of clan tartans and the playing of bagpipes.
In a process of "devolution" gave the Scottish people the power to make lots of their own decisions about government and the Scottish Parliament was established in Edinburgh. Today Scotland is a self-governing part of the UK. In , one of their hydrofoils , the HD-4, set a world water-speed record of That record was not approached by any other boat for more than a decade. He also researched the desalination of seawater and attempted to breed a "super race" of sheep at Baddeck. Bell supported the experiments of others as well, funding the early atomic experiments of A.
Michelson, among other projects. Bell helped found the National Geographic Society in and was its second president — The first president of the society was his father-in-law, Gardiner Greene Hubbard. In , he hired Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, who would become editor-in chief in and president of the society in Under his leadership, the National Geographic Magazine became widely popular, increasing its circulation from under a thousand readers to more than two million.
Bell married Mabel Gardiner Hubbard — in July She also undertook her own horticultural experiments. They enjoyed a close relationship with both sets of parents. Bell worked closely with his father-in-law, while his own parents moved to Washington, DC, to be close to their son and his family. Elsie married Gilbert Grosvenor, who would become editor-in-chief of the National Geographic Society Magazine, and had seven children. Daisy married botanist David Grandison Fairchild, whom she met through the National Geographic Society; the couple had three children.
Bell died in at Beinn Bhreagh, due to complications from diabetes. Best known as the inventor of the telephone, he spent much of his life teaching the deaf and considered it his most important contribution. In fact, he refused to have one in his own study, as he found it intruded on his scientific work. Fittingly, all telephones in North America were silenced for a brief time at the conclusion of his funeral.
His wife, Mabel, died in January , just five months later. Both were interred in Nova Scotia, on a hill overlooking Baddeck Bay. The Beinn Bhreagh estate is still owned by descendants of the family and in , it was declared a provincial heritage property. Robert V. Naomi Pasachoff, Alexander Graham Bell. Making Connections Lilias M.
Library of Congress. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Remember me.
I forgot my password. Create Account. Accessed 09 July In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published July 28, ; Last Edited May 30, The Canadian Encyclopedia , s. Article by Donald J. Alexander Graham Bell is generally considered second only to Thomas Alva Edison among 19th- and 20th-century inventors. Moreover, Bell himself considered his work with the deaf to be his most important contribution. Born in Scotland, he emigrated to Canada in with his parents. Bell married American Mabel Hubbard in and became a naturalized American citizen in From the mids, he and his family spent their summers near Baddeck on Cape Breton Island, where they built a large home, Beinn Bhreagh.
From then on, Bell divided his time and his research between the United States and Canada. He died and was buried at Baddeck in Alexander Graham Bell on an antique print from Alexander Bell and party at the home of the telephone, , Brantford, Ontario courtesy British Library.